They also acquired the right to an education, work, rest, material assistance in old age, and the ability to lodge complaints with state agencies. Education was considered the key ingredient for maintaining order, and codes of law were intended only to supplement li , not to replace it see Hundred Schools of Thought. After , during a brief period of ascendancy of the political moderates , there was some emphasis on rebuilding the judicial sector, but the Cultural Revolution nullified most of the progress that had been made under the state constitution.
In the first supreme court was established. Procuratorates , which had fallen into disuse during the Cultural Revolution, were reinstituted to prosecute criminal cases, review court decisions, and investigate the legality of actions taken by the police and other government organizations. The cadres, on the other hand, contended that class struggle would never end and that separate standards should be applied to class enemies.
During this period, few cases were brought to court. It also established a statute of limitations both to demonstrate the "humanitarian spirit" of the penal code and to permit law enforcement officials to concentrate on crimes for which evidence was still available.
The Han dynasty BCE-CE retained the basic legal system established under the Qin but modified some of the harsher aspects in line with the Confucian philosophy of social control based on ethical and moral persuasion. In November the Law Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences , working in conjunction with the Legal Affairs Commission of the National People's Congress proposed strengthening the socialist legal system, which, it explained, was based on democracy, socialist principles, and the worker-peasant alliance.
Law has been perceived as a key element of regime legitimacy as it serves to institutionalise economic reform. Book Category Asia portal.